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Cowen, T. (2006). Terrorism as theater: Analysis and policy implications. Department of Economics, 128: pp. 233-244.

The production of terrorism resembles in some regards the production of culture especially television and theater. Terrorism is made a spectacular theater produced for viewers. Terrorist spectacles fit all criteria for focality. Terrorists have goals they wish to achieve, when prices of achieving go up, they will substitute into other ends. Ones terrorism is conceptualized [...]

Author: ccpdegroot
Posted on: April 5, 2011

Weiman, G. (2004). WWW.Terror.Net. How Modern Terrorism Uses the Internet. United States Institute of Peace, 31(116), 1-12.

Al-Qaeda widely used the Internet to effect social change, boosting fears or influencing political decisions. Terrorism on the Internet is a dynamic phenomenon. Through the internet Al-Qaeda intends to approach three audiences; potential supporters, international society and enemies. For mass media, policy makers and security agencies it is very difficult to use the Internet by [...]

Weimann, G. (2008). The Psychology of Mass-Mediated Terrorism. American Behavioral Scientist, 52(1), 69-86.

There were between 1998 and 2007 thousands of websites, online forums and chat rooms in use by terrorists and their sympathizers. Internet has become the world’s leading communication tool for Al Qaeda. Communication via the Internet is relatively safe, cheap, easy and anonymous. Al-Qaeda attempts to use the Internet three audiences to approach potential supporters, [...]

Author: ccpdegroot
Posted on: April 5, 2011

Smith, J. (2002). Transnational Terrorism and the al Qaeda Model: Confronting New Realities. Parameters, 32(2), 33-46.

Author: ccpdegroot
Posted on: April 5, 2011

Lynch, M. (2006). Al-Qaeda’s Media Strategies. The National Interest, 83: pp. 50-56.

Al-Qaeda is increasingly becoming a media phenomenon, by carefully timing spectacular terrorist attacks, as well as videos of Osama bin Laden and his lieutenant Ayman Zawahiri, in order to obtain maximum media attention. Al Qaeda uses the Internet to spread messages, people recruitment, coordination and planning of terrorist attacks and train potential jihadists. Osama bin [...]

Author: ccpdegroot
Posted on: April 5, 2011

Finding Internships in Intl Development, CR and Related Fields

Craig Zelizer gives 10 suggestions for finding internships. See his blog post here.

Author: Arif Kornweitz
Posted on: March 25, 2011
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Brown, S. (2003). From the ‘death of the real’ to the reality of death: How did the Gulf war take place? Journal for Crime, Conflict and the Media, 1(1), 55-71.

In this article the author discusses the hybrid function of the international media during the second Gulf war. The author thinks the international media was not able to mirror the war on the part of the UK and US. Representations of the media come into and out of the mediatized domain. Different media types were [...]

Author: Merel Nooij
Posted on: March 12, 2011
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Payne, K. (2004). The media as an intstrument of war. International Affairs, 35(1), 81-93.

Payne (2005) believes successes in war are often due to political strategies instead of militairy strategies since the end of the Cold War. Governments pretend information is available and transparant with tools like embedded journalism and briefings, but because “embeds” are not allowed in every area some special forces are still invisible for the public. [...]

Author: Merel Nooij
Posted on: March 12, 2011
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Hiebert, R. E. (2003). Public relations and propaganda in framing the Iraq war: a preliminary review. Public relations review, 29, 243-255.

In this article Hiebert (2003) discusses the use of propaganda tools during the Iraq war in 2003. He concludes in this literature study that public relations and propaganda are fundamental essences during a war. As Hiebert concludes: framing and embedded journalism works perfectly as a propaganda tool but it only works when the public is [...]

Author: Merel Nooij
Posted on: March 12, 2011
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Gunter, B. (2009). The public and media coverage of the War on Iraq. Globalisations, 6(1), 41–60.

In this article Gunter (2009) compared two previous studies, a survey experiment (BLIP) and a telephone interviews (MORI), to take a closer look what effect the media coverage, including embedded journalism, had on the public opinion during the war in Iraq. The overall conclusion is that most people (69%) encourage embedded journalism because it brings [...]

Author: Merel Nooij
Posted on: March 12, 2011
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