9/11, spectacles of terror, and media manipulation: A critique of Jihadist and Bush media politics.

Kellner, D. (2004). 9/11, spectacles of terror, and media manipulation: A critique of Jihadist and Bush media politics. Critical Discourse Studies, 1(1), 41-64.

Kellner’s study criticises the use of media during warfare. Not only will US media be reviewed, also Islamic media tends towards propaganda. Kellner critically reviews the media spectacles. Information about the Bush media politics will be used to argue whether of not the propaganda model is still relevant.