Payne, K. (2004). The media as an intstrument of war. International Affairs, 35(1), 81-93.

Payne (2005) believes successes in war are often due to political strategies instead of militairy strategies since the end of the Cold War. Governments pretend information is available and transparant with tools like embedded journalism and briefings, but because “embeds” are not allowed in every area some special forces are still invisible for the public. The critic Payne (2005) gives is that the government kept to much information behind the scenes during the war